AUD/USD (sometimes written as AUDUSD) is an acronym of the Australian dollar-U.S. dollar currency pair, or cross. The AUD/USD is the fourth-most traded currency, but is not one of the six currencies making up the US Dollar Index (USDX). In 1966, the Australian dollar was the fifth most traded currency on global exchange markets, accounting for 6.9% of global daily share (down from 8.6% in 2013), trailing only the US dollar, euro, Japanese yen, and British pound sterling. The Australian dollar, also known as the dollar, doe, and Aussie, is the worlds fifth-most traded currency.
The Australian dollar is also abbreviated as AUD, and is symbolically represented by a $ or an au$ on international exchange markets. In this instance, the Australian Dollar is considered as base currency, while the United States Dollar (abbreviated USD) is considered the quoted currency, or the denomination at which a quotation is given. For example, the value of Australian Dollar (AUD) compared with U.S. Dollar (USD) is usually abbreviated to AUD/USD. The value 1AUD/USD is equivalent to the conversion of 1 Australian Dollar to US Dollars, applying the latest currency rates in the market.
For example, if the rate for AUD/USD is 0.75, that means US$0.75 (or 75 cents) could be traded for the amount of AUD1 (or $1 Australian). The USD-AUD exchange rate fluctuates, though typically, USD is around $0.09-$.4 stronger than AUD. To get an idea of available rates, it is useful to have a feel for the average market rate of the currency pair.
We think that you should be getting the best market exchange rate to trade currencies. Do not forget to check the rates offered by the providers you have chosen with the intermediate market rates shown on our Live Currency Exchange Rates Charts to ensure that you are getting a good deal. It is best to lock the exchange rate with your local broker, to avoid being affected by any rate changes going forward.
Since the Forex markets are very volatile, locking in currency rates on a daily basis forces banks to charge higher markup fees above IBR rates in order to counteract any volatility in exchange rates. Banks typically supply currency for a fixed day-to-day rate under the title Todays Australian Dollar Rate. The RBA can buy or sell Australian dollars, typically for U.S. dollars, in order to affect the supply and demand of the currency market.
When Australians import (or purchase) goods and services from a foreign vendor, the Australian importer sells Australian dollars to acquire foreign currencies with which to pay the overseas vendor. When Australians export (or sell) goods and services to an overseas customer, the overseas customer purchases Australian dollars to pay the exporter (assuming that the export is paid in Australian dollars). Higher prices of export goods means that more Australian dollars are required to buy the same quantity of Australias commodity exports (see box below for prices and quantities in trade).
Commodity prices and terms of trade may also impact the Australian economy by increasing investment. For instance, if goods and services are more expensive in Australia than similar goods in other economies, demand for Australian goods and services is expected to fall over time. When, for instance, the Federal Reserve intervenes in open market operations to weaken the US Dollar, the value of the AUD/USD pair may rise.
Again, perhaps the mining sector is attracting money, which is driving the Australian dollar higher, and while it will cost less money to build the mine, the commoditys value in dollars will be lower. More importantly, with a bubbling mining sector, soaring inflation, rising global interest rates, China being still China, and the big political shift in tensions with Russia, a large jump in the Australian dollar will likely, if history is any guide, be an indication that this 5 year mining bull market (with a bull run at its core) is heading for its last legs.
The GFC has tanked the Australian dollar, which was flying high at as low as 98c in the days leading up to it, riding the mining boom. The Australian dollar has a relatively small amount of free floating, so it went up just as fast as it went down on its journey to comparative safety in the dollar (which seems ironic given the U.S. is where the problems started).
Although the dollar fell considerably from that peak toward the end of 2008, it recovered slowly to reach 94 cents on the dollar in 2009. On October 15, 2010, the dollar reached parity with the U.S. dollar for the first time since becoming a freely traded currency, trading above $1 for several seconds. However, following Chinas discontinuation of its massive purchases of Australian commodities in 2013, the Australian dollar has since fallen to $0.88 against the dollar, and to a low of $0.65 by March 2020.
Australian coins under $1 were circulating in both countries prior to 2004 when the sizes of old New Zealand 5s were changed. In 2016, the Australian money equivalent to US$57.71 billion was in circulation, $2,379.05 for each Australian, including reserves held in the banking system, as well as money that was either circulating in other countries or held in exchange reserves.
The AUD/USD is ranked the 4th most liquid currency pairing, accounting for 6% of the total trade volume. Australian dollars are also officially used as currencies by the three independent Pacific island states, namely Kiribati, Nauru and Tuvalu. Australian dollars is the official currency of Australia and its expanded territories, which includes Norfolk Island, Christmas Island & Cocos (Keeling) Island.